Iberianature Forum

Medieval glossary

  • 13 Replies
  • 8346 Views

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline nick

  • *
  • Administrator
  • Full Shroomy
  • *****
  • Posts: 1948
    • Iberianature
« on: March 29, 2011, 20:39 PM »
Hi, I'm putting together this glossary of words connected with the Middle Ages (with a couple of suggestions from Glen and Lucy). Any more suggestions would be welcome. Thanks. Nick

http://www.iberianature.com/learning-english-through-nature/tefl-word-lists/english-spanish-glossary-of-the-middle-ages/

    * archer -  arquero
    * armour -  armadura
    * arrow -  flecha
    * axe -  hacha
    * bard – barda
    * battlements – almenas
    * Black Death, the – La Peste Negra
    * bow -  arco
    * castle -  castillo
    * catapult – catapulta
    * cauldron -  caldera
    * chain mail – malla (armadura)
    * chastity belt – cinturón de castidad
    * chivalry – caballerosidad
    * crossbow – ballesta
    * crown – corona
    * crusades – cruzadas
    * drawbridge -  puente levadizo
    * dungeon -  calabozo, mazmorra
    * feudalism – feudalismo
    * outlaw – forajido
    * fortress – forteleza
    * helmet – casco
    * guild – gremio
    * jester- bufón
    * jousting, joust – justa (sport)
    * king -  rey
    * kingdom – reino
    * knight -  caballero
    * lance -  lanza
    * lute – laúd
    * maiden – donzella
    * manor house – casa señorial
    * mazo – mace
    * Middle Ages, the – La Edad Media
    * minstrel – juglar
    * moat -  fosa
    * Moor – Moro
    * page – paje
    * peasant – campesino
    * princess -  princesa
    * queen – reina
    * quiver – carcaj
    * scabbard – vaina (para espada)
    * serf -siervo
    * shield -  escudo
    * siege – asedio
    * sword -  espada
    * throne -  trono
    * tower -  torre
    * watchtower- atalaya

More advanced

    * ball and chain – mangual
    * codpiece – bragueta de armar
    * hose – calzas
    * keep – torre del homenaje /  torreón
    * scimitar – cimitarra
    * to be hung, drawn and quartered – ahorcado, destripado y descuartizado
Nick
http://iberianature.com/barcelona/history-of-barcelona/spanish-civil-war-tour-in-barcelona/
Spanish Civil War Tours in Barcelona
http://www.iberianature.com/
A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, & nature of Spain
The Amazon/Forum Bookshop - lend us a hand
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/shop/index.htm
And also now The Natural History of Britain
http://iberianature.com/brita

Offline nick

  • *
  • Administrator
  • Full Shroomy
  • *****
  • Posts: 1948
    • Iberianature
« Reply #1 on: March 30, 2011, 21:01 PM »
A few more:

blacksmith - herrero
prince - príncipe
torture chamber - cámera de tortura
torture rack - potro de tortura
drover's road - cañada real
Nick
http://iberianature.com/barcelona/history-of-barcelona/spanish-civil-war-tour-in-barcelona/
Spanish Civil War Tours in Barcelona
http://www.iberianature.com/
A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, & nature of Spain
The Amazon/Forum Bookshop - lend us a hand
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/shop/index.htm
And also now The Natural History of Britain
http://iberianature.com/brita

Offline Technopat

  • *
  • Full Shroomy
  • ******
  • Posts: 3020
« Reply #2 on: April 02, 2011, 20:52 PM »
Chunking down even further: :technodevil:

yelmo de Zaragoza - great helm
bacinete - bascinet
cimera - crest (helmet)
gola - ruff
gorjal - gorget
jubón - doublet
Technopat's disclaimer: If this posting seems over the top and/or gets your goat (Sp. anyone?), please accept my apologies and don't take it personally - it's just my instinctive tendency to put my foot in it whenever/wherever possible. See also:
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/index.php/topic,266

Offline Technopat

  • *
  • Full Shroomy
  • ******
  • Posts: 3020
« Reply #3 on: April 02, 2011, 20:58 PM »
trabuco - blunderbuss
trabuquete - synoym for catapulta
ariete - battering ram
Technopat's disclaimer: If this posting seems over the top and/or gets your goat (Sp. anyone?), please accept my apologies and don't take it personally - it's just my instinctive tendency to put my foot in it whenever/wherever possible. See also:
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/index.php/topic,266

Offline nick

  • *
  • Administrator
  • Full Shroomy
  • *****
  • Posts: 1948
    • Iberianature
« Reply #4 on: April 02, 2011, 21:27 PM »
Good stuff. Wil be added
Nick
http://iberianature.com/barcelona/history-of-barcelona/spanish-civil-war-tour-in-barcelona/
Spanish Civil War Tours in Barcelona
http://www.iberianature.com/
A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, & nature of Spain
The Amazon/Forum Bookshop - lend us a hand
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/shop/index.htm
And also now The Natural History of Britain
http://iberianature.com/brita

Offline Bob M

  • *
  • Sr. Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 185
    • Teflpedia
« Reply #5 on: April 03, 2011, 10:12 AM »
Don't you need to categorise this a bit?  For example a number of the words are associated with ancient methods of warfare, others with extinct social customs or systems of government.

Bur some are also in use today.  Why should "axe" be from the middle ages?  (I could understand "battleaxe".) If "farming implement" means "middle ages" then why not "pitchfork" "rake" and "saw"?

Then there is "king and queen".  One might argue that they should have disappeared in the middle ages but they are still very much around - as is a whole class of nobility. 

Offline nick

  • *
  • Administrator
  • Full Shroomy
  • *****
  • Posts: 1948
    • Iberianature
« Reply #6 on: April 03, 2011, 11:55 AM »
Hi Bob, all good doubts, I guess the idea is words which we might associate with the Middle Ages, as the focus is, for the time being, more language based than historical. It's an expanded EFL list, if you were.

And yes, I think it would be a very good idea to gather them into categories when I have more.
« Last Edit: April 03, 2011, 12:00 PM by nick »
Nick
http://iberianature.com/barcelona/history-of-barcelona/spanish-civil-war-tour-in-barcelona/
Spanish Civil War Tours in Barcelona
http://www.iberianature.com/
A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, & nature of Spain
The Amazon/Forum Bookshop - lend us a hand
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/shop/index.htm
And also now The Natural History of Britain
http://iberianature.com/brita

Offline nick

  • *
  • Administrator
  • Full Shroomy
  • *****
  • Posts: 1948
    • Iberianature
« Reply #7 on: April 03, 2011, 11:59 AM »
And I see that battle axe is Spanish is: hacha de armas

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hacha_de_armas

From I've also found

war hammer - martillo de guerra

pitchfork - horca

Very much with Medieval connotations:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pitchfork

"The pitchfork has frequently been used as a weapon by those who couldn't afford or didn't have access to more expensive weapons such as swords, or, later, guns.[3] As a result, pitchforks are stereotypically carried by angry mobs or gangs of enraged peasants. In Europe, the pitchfork was first used in the early Middle Ages, at about the same time as the harrow"
« Last Edit: April 03, 2011, 12:45 PM by nick »
Nick
http://iberianature.com/barcelona/history-of-barcelona/spanish-civil-war-tour-in-barcelona/
Spanish Civil War Tours in Barcelona
http://www.iberianature.com/
A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, & nature of Spain
The Amazon/Forum Bookshop - lend us a hand
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/shop/index.htm
And also now The Natural History of Britain
http://iberianature.com/brita

Offline nick

  • *
  • Administrator
  • Full Shroomy
  • *****
  • Posts: 1948
    • Iberianature
« Reply #8 on: April 03, 2011, 12:44 PM »
Lower Middle Ages - Baja Edad Media
Prester John - Preste Juan
aventail - almófar http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alm%C3%B3far
knight-errant - caballero andante
Caballeros Templarios - Knights Templar
Nick
http://iberianature.com/barcelona/history-of-barcelona/spanish-civil-war-tour-in-barcelona/
Spanish Civil War Tours in Barcelona
http://www.iberianature.com/
A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, & nature of Spain
The Amazon/Forum Bookshop - lend us a hand
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/shop/index.htm
And also now The Natural History of Britain
http://iberianature.com/brita

Offline Bob M

  • *
  • Sr. Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 185
    • Teflpedia
« Reply #9 on: April 03, 2011, 13:39 PM »
Yes I thought about that "pitchfork" as a weapon as well. But logically you would need to include a whole host of agricultural words - but, hey, you might want to.

Plough, oxen, mule, donkey, furrow, sow, reap, wheat, winnow, husk, rat, cart, hay etc.

Unless you only want to include agricultural tools which can also be used as weapons.

Scythe, sickle, hatchet, hoe (at a pinch) mattock, pickaxe etc.

But, as with politics, I think you will need to make a distinction between words which are only associated with the middle ages and words which continue in common use today.

If not, you could make a case for "knife" "fork" and "spoon" as they were also used in the middle ages. (But there again - when was the fork invented?)

Offline nick

  • *
  • Administrator
  • Full Shroomy
  • *****
  • Posts: 1948
    • Iberianature
« Reply #10 on: April 03, 2011, 15:02 PM »
Hi Bob, as I say the list at the moment is a list of words which we might associate with the Middle Ages (king, sword) in a lingusitic sense (or in first place, as a strating point, words which a child might associate with it)

Spoon not. Sword yes.
Nick
http://iberianature.com/barcelona/history-of-barcelona/spanish-civil-war-tour-in-barcelona/
Spanish Civil War Tours in Barcelona
http://www.iberianature.com/
A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, & nature of Spain
The Amazon/Forum Bookshop - lend us a hand
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/shop/index.htm
And also now The Natural History of Britain
http://iberianature.com/brita

Offline Technopat

  • *
  • Full Shroomy
  • ******
  • Posts: 3020
« Reply #11 on: April 23, 2011, 17:33 PM »
Greetings All,
Here's a great one I came across today:

Codal (armadura) - En., anyone?  :technodevil: (No, it's not elbow pad)

Live-and-learn regs.,
Technopat (happily following me strict diet of potaje de vigilia, torrijas y pestiños, but not necessarily in that order :technodevil: )

Technopat's disclaimer: If this posting seems over the top and/or gets your goat (Sp. anyone?), please accept my apologies and don't take it personally - it's just my instinctive tendency to put my foot in it whenever/wherever possible. See also:
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/index.php/topic,266

Offline nick

  • *
  • Administrator
  • Full Shroomy
  • *****
  • Posts: 1948
    • Iberianature
« Reply #12 on: April 24, 2011, 13:37 PM »
codal - couter it seems


Took me a bit:


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Couter
Nick
http://iberianature.com/barcelona/history-of-barcelona/spanish-civil-war-tour-in-barcelona/
Spanish Civil War Tours in Barcelona
http://www.iberianature.com/
A guide to the environment, climate, wildlife, & nature of Spain
The Amazon/Forum Bookshop - lend us a hand
http://www.iberianatureforum.com/shop/index.htm
And also now The Natural History of Britain
http://iberianature.com/brita

Offline Rosie

  • *
  • Full Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 56
« Reply #13 on: April 24, 2011, 19:28 PM »
Technopat,

The potaje must be 'de la casa' because it has an egg on it.

Rosie

(slightly off subject - sorry)